The Roman Empire

In which John Green explores exactly when Rome went from being the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Here's a hint: it had something to do with Julius Caesar, but maybe less than you think. Find out how Caesar came to rule the empire, what led to him getting stabbed 23 times on the floor of the senate, and what happened in the scramble for power after his assassination. John covers Rome's transition from city-state to dominant force in the Mediterranean in less than 12 minutes.

The Fall of the Roman Empire

In which John Green teaches you about the fall of the Roman Empire, which happened considerably later than you may have been told. While the Western Roman Empire fell to barbarians in 476 CE, the Byzantines in Constantinople continued the Eastern Empire nicely, calling themselves Romans for a further 1000 years. Find out what Justinian and the rest of the Byzantine emperors were up to over there, and how the Roman Empire dragged out its famous Decline well into medieval times. In addition to all this, you'll learn about ancient sports riots and hipster barbarians, too.


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Romans in Britain

  • Britain before the Invasion
  • Invasion - and why did they invade?
  • Celtic Rebellion
  • Hadrian's Wall
  • Life in Roman Britain
  • Why did the Romans leave Britain?
  • How did the Romans change Britain?
  • What was Britain like after they left?

Everyday life

  • Family - including children
  • Women
  • Baths
  • Food and meals
  • Clothes
  • Doctors and medicine
  • Shops
  • Slaves

Religion and Ceremonies

  • Gods and Goddesses
  • Priests and Priestesses
  • Temples
  • Sacrifices
  • Burials, tombstones and Catacombs
  • Weddings

Language and Writing

  • Latin
  • What the Romans left behind - including place names and their meanings
  • Writing left behind
  • Numbers
  • The Calendar

Leisure and Sport

  • Theatres, actors and playwrights
  • Music
  • Amphitheatres
  • The Colosseum
  • Gladiators
  • Chariot racing - and the Circus Maximus


  • The army - auxiliaries, cavalry, centurions, cohorts, legions and legionaries
  • Weapons and armour
  • Forts
  • Invasions
  • Sieges (including Masada)
  • Navy